[遠江国見附宿 本陣助郷文書 10] 触書 / Written Notice (Tōtōmi Province Mitsuke-shuku Honjin Sukegō Document No. 10)

タイトルヨミ
トオトウミノクニ ミツケシュク ホンジン スケゴウ ブンショ10
解説

助郷とは大名行列等でそれに要する人馬等が宿場のみで対応できないときに、周辺の村々から半強制的に動員する制度をいう。本文書は旧東海道五十三次のうち、江戸から数えて28番目、京から数えて26番目の宿場である。現在は静岡県磐田市にあった本陣に残された助郷文書で、天保4(1851)年の琉球人に関する助郷文書が含まれる。大名行列や琉球人行列は通過する地域の人々にとっては大きな負担であった。琉球大学附属図書館報『びぶりお』147号(Vol.40、№2)P.5参照。
「遠江国見附 本陣宿助郷文書」の10。成立年不明。遠州豊田郡・山名郡・周智郡・榛原郡・三州渥美郡へ出された「触書」。

Description

In this material, Sukegō refers to a system of calling for mandatory volunteers from the surrounding villagers when the shukuba (post station) could not supply its regular service, horses, and labors for any important events, such as daimyō procession. There were 53 points of shukuba built along the Tōkaidō road in the Edo period. This material was discovered at the honjin which was the 28th point from the Edo and the 26th point of shukuba from Kyoto, now is in Iwata city, Shizuoka prefecture. It mentions the Ryukyuans mission in 1851 and indicates daimyō procession and the Ryukyuans mission were too great a burden to bear on the inhabitants when the processions moved through (University of the Ryukyus Library Newsletter Biblio No. 147, vol. 40, no.2, p.5). Tōtōminokuni Mitsuke-shuku honjin sukegō, document No. 10. The completion year of this material is obscure. It is a furegaki (a proclamation of laws and regulations issued by the area supervisor to public in the Edo period). This document was sent to six districts: Toyotagun, Yamanagun, Shūchigun, Haibaragun of Tōtōmi Province, and Atsumigun of Sanshū (or, Mikawa Province).

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『[遠江国見附宿 本陣助郷文書 10] 触書』その他OT062-10(琉球大学附属図書館所蔵), https://shimuchi.lib.u-ryukyu.ac.jp/collection/other/ot06210