[遠江国見附宿 本陣助郷文書 11] 御印状 / A letter of plea -allotment and endorsement (Tōtōmi Province Mitsuke-shuku Honjin Sukegō Documen No. 11)

タイトルヨミ
トオトウミノクニ ミツケシュク ホンジン スケゴウ ブンショ11
解説

助郷とは大名行列等でそれに要する人馬等が宿場のみで対応できないときに、周辺の村々から半強制的に動員する制度をいう。本文書は旧東海道五十三次のうち、江戸から数えて28番目、京から数えて26番目の宿場である。現在は静岡県磐田市にあった本陣に残された助郷文書で、天保4(1851)年の琉球人に関する助郷文書が含まれる。大名行列や琉球人行列は通過する地域の人々にとっては大きな負担であった。琉球大学附属図書館報『びぶりお』147号(Vol.40、№2)P.5参照。
「遠江国見附 本陣宿助郷文書」の11。成立年は元治二年と記されているが、慶応元(1865)年の記録。同年の見付宿の動員について、以前許しを得たが、また動員がかかったのでご配慮くださいという内容の嘆願書。

Description

In this material, Sukegō refers to a system of calling for mandatory volunteers from the surrounding villagers when the shukuba (post station) could not supply its regular service, horses, and labors for any important events, such as daimyō procession. There were 53 points of shukuba built along the Tōkaidō road in the Edo period. This material was discovered at the honjin which was the 28th point from the Edo and the 26th point of shukuba from Kyoto, now is in Iwata city, Shizuoka prefecture. It mentions the Ryukyuans mission in 1851 and indicates daimyō procession and the Ryukyuans mission were too great a burden to bear on the inhabitants when the processions moved through (University of the Ryukyus Library Newsletter Biblio No. 147, vol. 40, no.2, p.5). Tōtōminokuni Mitsuke-shuku honjin sukegō, document No. 11. Although this document shows that it was completed in Genji era 2 (1865), according to Japanese era names, Genji era 2 is Keiō era 1 (also 1865). It is a petition for not imposing the mobilization on Mitsuke-shuku workers of the same year. Although it was permitted once, the workers were in mobilizing again, this petition was written for asking the area supervisor to call it off.

責任表示
Statement of Responsibility
九左衛門
甚平
年代
Date

1865

引用の際には以下の情報を参考にご利用ください。 / When citing materials, please use the following information as a reference.

『[遠江国見附宿 本陣助郷文書 11] 御印状』その他OT062-11(琉球大学附属図書館所蔵), https://shimuchi.lib.u-ryukyu.ac.jp/collection/other/ot06211